Diplomacy in the Near and Middle East 1535–1956

ISBN:  978-1-85207-077-9  Extent: 1 volume, 750 pages
Editor: Professor J.C. Hurewitz  Published: 1987
Paper: Printed on acid free paper
Binding: Library bindings with gilt finish (2 volumes bind in one).
See sample pages: not available 


This reproduction of Professor Hurewitz's now classic work is designed "to unfold European diplomacy in and on the Near and Middle East in modern times". His collection of documents covers more than 400 years, from the early (1535) Ottoman-French treaty, through Napoleon's instructions to the French mission to Persia, and Treaties for suppressing Slave Traffic and Piracy, up to the modern period including the Sykes-Picot agreement for the partition of the Ottoman Empire, 1916 and a Soviet-Iranian exchange of notes in 1955. The work illustrates the history of diplomacy in the Middle East while recording the great events and cycles of Arab political development.


From the introduction by Professor J.C. Hurewitz
 "The present work is designed to unfold European diplomacy in and on the Near and Middle East in modern times and, only secondarily, to illustrate the coincident aspects of intraregional international politics. History itself and the state of historical research have largely determined the choice. Behind a commercial façade, European influence in the Near and Middle East grew steadily in the two hundred years and more preceding the Napoleonic wars. Outward signs of imperialism did not accompany the growing European power, even in the second half of the eighteenth century when Persia was falling apart and the Ottoman Empire sinking, for the maritime states of Western Europe were distracted by competitive empire building elsewhere, notably further east in Asia and in the Western Hemisphere. European supremacy in the Near and Middle East started with Napoleon’s occupation of Egypt in 1798 and lasted a century and a half. Intraregional diplomacy, by comparison, played a minor role throughout most of modern times. International politics among the Near and Middle East states, prior to the mid-eighteenth century, consisted chiefly in the tensions on the ill-defined and shifting Ottoman–Persian frontier. Only in the [mid-twentieth century] with the rapid crumbling of the established European position, have the emergent independent states in the region won increasing liberty in their dealings with one another and with the world outside."


Although his work is not an exhaustive collection, the documents assembled by Hurewitz make available an overview of the most important documents for a history of the modern Middle East. These papers represent an enormously important work for scholars, students, historians and diplomats, bringing together, as they do, such core reference material. In the main, documents have been reproduced entirely, omitting only preambles, provisions for ratification, signatures of bi-lateral and multilateral instruments and sections on geographic districts beyond the borders of the Near and Middle East. Existing translations have been used whenever possible, though it should be stressed that many of these translations are working documents produced by the British Foreign Office or the State Department in Washington and must not be construed as official translations.


Vol. I 1535-1914: 114 documents including:
• Grant of Special Privileges at Bushire to the East India Company, 1763;
• Napoleon´s Instructions to the French Mission to Persia, 1807;
• Treaty for suppressing Piracy and Slave Traffic: Britain and Gulf Chiefs, 1820;
• Curzon´s Analysis of British Policy and Interests in Persia and the Gulf, 1899;
• The Kuwayti Shaykh´s Pledge to Britain regarding Oil, 1913.
Vol. II 1914-1956: A further 114 documents are listed including:
• British Treaty with Ibn Saud, 1915;
• Sykes–Picot Agreement for the Partition of the Ottoman Empire, 1916;
• U.S. Interwar Oil Policy in the Near and Middle East, 1923;
• The Pact of the Arab League 1945;
• Soviet-American Exchange of Notes on Middle East Command, 1951.