Records of Kuwait 1966–1971

ISBN:  (13) 978-1-84097-015-9       Extent:    6 volumes, 4,200 pages  

Editor: A. Burdett      Published: 2003
Paper: Printed on acid free paper
Binding: Library bindings with gilt finish
See sample pages: not available

This publication provides facsimile copies of the key documents relating to the development of the State of Kuwait from 1966–1971. It is important both as an extension to an existing Archive Editions collection on Kuwait which begins in 1899 and ends in 1965, and in its own right as these years contain policy decisions which identify Kuwait as a pioneer in the redistribution of wealth. Kuwait pursued redistribution internally through public works and benefits but also internationally through the Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development, one of its great beneficiaries in the late 1960s being Iraq. This pro-Arab stance led it into direct support for the Palestinian cause and financial support for the countries directly engaged in the 1967 war against Israel.


This publication continues coverage of events published in the two previous sets in this series: Records of Kuwait 1899–1961, and Records of Kuwait 1961-1965. The documentation in the early set, 1899–1961, illustrates the development of the modern Kuwaiti state and attests to the relative importance of Kuwait long before the discovery of its immense oil reserves. The later periods 1961–1965 and 1966–1971 offer a different kind of research structure. To cover five or six years in 4000 pages indicates that the level of detail included is great and in fact what is offered here is a virtually complete record of all available official British documentation.
Some gaps in the reportage of events arise and do so for two reasons. Firstly, certain papers, and in some cases entire files, have been retained by the Foreign Office due to their sensitive nature and were therefore unavailable for inclusion. Secondly, by 1971, following Britain’s withdrawal from the Gulf and cessation of direct involvement in defence of the region, the nature of the documentation generated by the British Government has begun to change: trade and business interests become increasingly important. Local and regional issues, personalities and the affairs of the ruling family are still very much live issues but Britain is less involved and this is reflected in the reporting.
The period under review witnessed major changes in the Gulf, in particular the proposed unification of the Emirates with or without Bahrain, Qatar and possibly Kuwait. Kuwait herself had already survived changes to her political status, in 1961 becoming a sovereign and independent country, and in 1962 forming the Constituent Assembly.
In certain economic respects Kuwait was in advance of her neighbours and attempted to redistribute some oil wealth to neighbouring states, especially to the Emirates, through the Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development. Oil policy, renegotiation of terms with the Kuwait Oil Company and resultant territorial disputes are a continuous topic. Growing concerns about both external and internal subversive threats are in evidence, and not surprisingly there were detailed plans for major arms purchases from the UK. The end of Britain’s direct role in the external relations of the other Gulf states was also a major pre-occupation for Kuwait and this concern features extensively in the records.


Understanding the Series
These three titles combine to create a large collection which offers historical evidence for the political, economic and social evolution of Kuwait. Such evidence improves our understanding of the modern political position of Kuwait. It includes, for example, examination of frontier negotiations and questions of sovereignty; constitutional, military and defence developments.


Arab Dissident Movements 1905–1955
Arab Gulf Cities
Arabian Boundaries 1853–1960
Arabian Boundaries 1961–1965
Arabian Boundary Disputes
Arabian Treaties 1600–1960
Diplomacy in the Near and Middle East 1535–1956
Documentary Studies in Arabian Geopolitics: The Iraq–Kuwait Dispute 1830–1994
Foreign Office Annual Reports from Arabia 1930–1960
Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf, Oman and Central Arabia
GCC States: National Development Records: Civil Aviation 1920–1962, The
GCC States: National Development Records: Communications & Transport 1860–1960, The
GCC States: National Development Records: Defence in the Gulf States and Saudi Arabia 1920–1960, The
Iraq Administration Reports 1914–1932
Islamic Movements in the Arab World 1913–1966
Kuwait Political Agency: Arabic Documents 1899–1949
Neglected Arabia / Arabia Calling 1892–1962
Oil Concessions in Five Arab States 1911–1953: Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Trucial States and Oman
OPEC: Origins and Strategy 1947–1973
Persian Gulf Administration Reports 1873–1957
Persian Gulf Gazette and Supplements 1953–1972
Persian Gulf Historical Summaries 1907–1953, The
Persian Gulf Précis, The
Persian Gulf Trade Reports 1905–1940, The
Political Diaries of the Arab World: Persian Gulf 1904–1965
Records of Iraq 1914–1966
Records of Kuwait 1961–1965
Records of Kuwait 1966–1971
Records of the Persian Gulf Pearl Fisheries 1857–1962
Ruling Families of Arabia: Documentary Records of the Dynasties of Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, UAE and Oman
Water Resources in the Arabian Peninsula 1921–1960