Some important themes run through this period including the disagreement over naming a successor to Shaikh Ahmad bin Ali al-Thani as several different branches of the al-Thani family were competing to gain recognition as rightful heirs. Mounting financial difficulties and extravagant spending by some ruling family members forced the ruler to look for loans from abroad and caused internal pressure for reform of the administration, with some new legislation coming through in 1962.
Territorial issues continued such as the unresolved southern boundary with Saudi Arabia, the Halul Island dispute and the land boundary dispute with Abu Dahbi. In 1962 the disputed seabed claim against Bahrain went to review and reassessed the 1947–8 award. In 1965 an agreement was signed by Shaikh Yamani of Saudi Arabia and Shaikh Khalifah bin Hamad al-Thani east of the Riyadh line, in the Salwa area and the seabed dispute with Bahrain was resolved in an agreement in June.
In 1964 a law was passed establishing an Advisory Council composed of 15 members of the ruling family under the chairmanship of the Ruler and problems of internal security were considered in the light of anti-ruler propaganda. The records show the views of Shaikh Khalifah, the Deputy Ruler, on the need for modernisation and his oppositional position to Dr Kamel, the Director-General of the Qatar Government which eventually led to the resignation of Dr Kamel.
OPEC encouraged Qatar to seek higher oil revenues from Shell, and although labour troubles plagued the Qatar Petroleum Company, and various concession areas were disputed, on the whole revenues were up giving the government increased reserves and making a more stable economy.
Arabian Boundaries 1853–1960
Arabian Boundaries 1961–1965
Arabian Boundary Disputes
Arabian Treaties 1600–1960
Diplomacy in the Near and Middle East 1535–1956
Documentary Studies in Arabian Geopolitics: Lower Gulf Islands: Abu Musa And The Tunbs Dispute
Foreign Office Annual Reports from Arabia 1930–1960