Records of the Hashimite Dynasties

ISBN:  (13) 978-1-85207-590-3         Extent: 15 volumes, 10,000 pages

Editor:  Chief Editor A. de L. Rush, Assistant Editor J. Priestland    Published: 1995
Paper: Printed on acid free paper
Binding: Library bindings with gilt finish
See sample pages: not available

Records of the Hashimites is a rare and valuable publication, an encyclopaedia of authentic historical documents, tracing in detail through 15 volumes the destiny of the Hashimites, the most ancient and distinguished family in the Middle East. Through painstaking and expert research in government and private files, the editor and his assistant editor have located diaries, secret reports and a wealth of previously unpublished correspondence. These documents are now reproduced in exact facsimile to make available for your library and your own research the primary documents and archival evidence for the history of the Hashimites.
Records of the Hashimites focuses on the 20th century and provides the reader with a detailed study of the convergence of Hashimite and British interests that led to the Arab Revolt in the First World War and the establishment of Hashimite rule in Iraq, Jordan and, briefly, Syria following the defeat of Turkey.
Of the many hundreds of documents collected and made public in this great work, some of them ancient, many of them normally hidden or scattered in obscure archives, some of great political importance and all of historic interest - here we give you a glimpse of the sequence and contents of these 15 volumes. The following are merely a few highlights from the c. 10,000 pages of this modern reference work for Hashimite history.


The authenticity of the Hashimite lineage ...
The story of the Hashimites dates back over fourteen hundred years to the lifetime of Hashim, great-grandfather of the Prophet Muhammad (d.632 A.D.) and grandfather of Abbas, the forerunner of the Abbasid caliphs. Though the authenticity of this lineage cannot be proved beyond question, most Muslims have always accepted it; and it is this traditional consensus that legitimised the ascendancy of the Hashimites in the Holy land of the Hijaz for over six centuries until their expulsion by the father of the present Saudi Arabian monarch in 1925.
As Sharifs - or, more properly, Amirs - of Mecca, they directed the vast concourse of pilgrims that flocked to Mecca and Medina each year from every corner of the Islamic world. Arch-predators among the devout masses, they were nonetheless deeply revered. Until simpler fashions took hold during the Sharifate of ´Aun al-Rafiq (1882-1905), they were overwhelmingly formidable and impressive figures. Indeed no one privileged to observe them in those earlier centuries ever forgot the sight of a Grand Sharif in his ceremonial gold-embroidered robes and elaborate turban processing through the Grand Mosque beneath the huge umbrella of State, surrounded by his trumpeters, bodyguards, reciters of the Qur´an and African slaves.
The Emirate of Mecca
It was after the outbreak of the First World War when Sharif Hussein began to make secret approaches to the British, that his personal, long-term ambitions were revealed. These communications with British officials and the later story of the Arab Revolt form the substance of the first five volumes of this work. After the success of the Revolt and the defeat of Germany and Turkey, Sharif Hussein was understandably angered and embittered by Britain´s failure to honour her promises in full regarding Hashimite rule in the former Ottoman provinces. On the other hand, reading his innumerable, often incomprehensible protests over the Balfour Declaration and the Sykes-Picot Agreement and recalling the enormity of his ambition to become ´King of all the Arabs´ and bearing in mind, also, his shortcomings as a ruler, we can easily understand why the British Government abandoned him and why, in the end, he achieved no more than the kingship of the Hijaz.
In October 1924, friendless and menaced by the Wahhabi forces of Ibn Sa´ud (later King ´Abd al-´Aziz), he abdicated and joined his second son, Abdallah, in Transjordan. His eldest son, Sharif Ali, succeeded him; but within fifteen months, after Ibn Sa´ud´s occupation of the Holy Places he too abandoned the throne and went into exile; thus ending the centuries-old Sharifian Emirate of Mecca.
The Hashimite succession
Especially interesting are the sections of Volume 8 of this work relating to the succession crisis that followed Abdallah´s assassination in 1951. Shortly before his death, doubting the wisdom of devolving power upon either of his sons, Talal and Naif, he had considered directing the succession to his nephew, King Faisal II of Iraq.
In view of this and, in particular, of Talal´s mental condition and his grandson Hussein´s tender age it was not surprising that the Iraqi Regent, ´Abd al-Ilah, intervened and, in so doing, alarmed those favouring the preservation of Jordan´s independence and the succession of Talal and Hussein.


Volume 1

  • Genealogy of the Hashimites: family trees both in English and Arabic; list of Sharifs of Mecca
  • Extracts from 19th century travellers, descriptions of Grand Sharifs
  • Assassination of Grand Sharif, 1880; deposition of next one
  • Conditions in Hijaz under corrupt administration, 1890s
  • British aim to assume Control in Hijaz, 1916
Volume 2
  • Description of Sharif Hussein and his family, 1915
  • Sharif Hussein assumes title "King of the Arab Nation", 1916
  • The British recognize him only as King of Hijaz, 1917
  • Reports by Captain T.E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia") on conversations with King Hussein and Emirs Feisal and ´Abdallah, 1917
  • Rivalry between King Hussein and Ibn Sa´ud, 1917-1919
Volume 3
  • Ibn Sa´ud encroaches on Hijaz, 1921
  • King Hussein´s grievances against Britain
  • Ibn Sa´ud captures Taif, 1924
  • Abdication of King Hussein, accession of Emir Ali, 1924
Volume 4
  • Struggle to prevent invasion of Hijaz by Ibn Sa´ud, 1923
  • Ibn Sa´ud occupies Mecca, 1925-1926
  • Ex-King Hussein´s death, 1931; King Ali´s death, 1935
  • Attempts to restore Hashimite rule in Hijaz, 1932, 1937-1940
  • Activities of relatives of King Hussein, 1916-1962
Volumes 5
  • Origins of the Arab Revolt; the McMahon-Hussein correspondence; future of the Caliphate; finance and arms procurement, etc, 1882-1916
  • Turkish account of events preceding Arab Revolt, 1916
  • Account of talks between Sharif Hussein and Amir Faisal with Sykes and Picot, 1917
  • Operations against Hijaz railway; capture of Damascus and Aleppo, 1917-1918
  • Siege and fall of Medina, 1917-19
Volumes 6-7
  • Transjordan: Amir Abdallah and the Caliphate, 1920
  • Events in Transjordan; relations with the British; relations with Ibn Sa´ud during 1920s
  • Danger of attack by Sa´udi Ikhwan, 1932
  • Amir Abdallah´s relations with King Ghazi of Iraq, 1937
  • The Palestine Conference; Amir Abdullah´s ambition to be king of a united Transjordan and Syria, 1938-1939
  • Reported Hashimite involvement in conspiracy to murder Ibn Sa´ud, 1940-1941; expressions of goodwill with Ibn Sa´ud, 1942
  • Abdallah´s attainment of kingship, 1946; his assassination, 1951

Volume 8
  • Jordan: reign of King Talal, 1951
  • Possible Hashimite union of Jordan and Iraq, and Saudi opposition, 1951
  • King Talal´s visit to the Pope, 1952
  • Concern about King Talal´s mental health; his deposition, 1952
Volumes 8-9
  • Amir Hussein´s proclamation as King of Jordan, 1952
  • King Hussein´s education, 1952-1953
  • Marriage with Queen Dina, 1955, and later divorce
  • Dismissal of General Glubb, 1956
  • Martial Law, 1957
  • Plot to overthrow Hashimite monarchy, 1958; King Hussein´s escape by low flying, 1958
  • King Hussein´s foreign relations and Hashimite leadership: throughout period
  • King Hussein´s travels abroad and relations with British: throughout period
  • Plots to overthrow or assassinate King Hussein: intermittent throughout period
Volumes 10-14
  • Syria : Hashimite claims and French opposition; Amir Faisal´s quest for Syrian independence, 1919
  • Progress of French Mandate, 1920s
  • Iraq: candidates for the throne of Iraq; Ibn Sa´ud opposes Hashimites; Faisal emerges as King of Iraq, 1921
  • Draft ´Law of Succession to the Throne of Iraq´, 1929
  • Profiles of King Faisal and Iraqi personalities, 1932
  • Admission of independent Hashimite Kingdom of Iraq to League of Nations, 1932
  • Death of King Faisal; accession of King Ghazi, 1933
  • Iraqi propaganda against Transjordan and Kuwait, 1938-1939
  • Death of King Ghazi; proclamation of King Faisal and selection of a Regent, 1939
  • Fall of Nuri Sa´id´s Cabinet, 1944; travels and speeches of the Regent, 1940s
  • King Faisal´s accession, 1953
  • Political hiatus and popular discontent; Arab Union with Jordan, 1958
  • Overthrow of Hashimite regime in Iraq; assassination of royal family, seizure of power by ´dissident officers´; declaration of Iraq as a republic, 1958
Volume 15
  • Syria and Palestine: role of the Hashimites in the Levant, 1915-1939
  • Hashimite resistance to French occupation of Syria, 1920-1922
  • Claim of ex-Khedive Abbas Hilmi to Syrian throne, 1922, 1932-1936
  • Hashimite isolation during discussions on Arab League Constitution, 1945-1946
  • Position of Syria during 1950s; possible Hashimite intervention and likely consequences, 1962