US Presidential Papers Concerning Saudi Arabia 1941–1962

ISBN:  (13) 978-1-85207-665-8   Extent:    1 volume, 400 pages

Editor:  Dr K. Evans   Published: 1997
Paper: Printed on acid free paper
Binding: Library bindings with gilt finish
See sample pages: not available

This small collection of some 400 pages is a complementary collection supporting the 8 volume collection US Records on Saudi Affairs 1945-1960. This volume presents facsimile originals of state correspondence at the highest level - between four U.S. presidents: Roosevelt, Truman, Eisenhower and Kennedy, and King Abdul Aziz of Saudi Arabia - during the key developmental phase in the post-war relationship between the two nations, 1941-1963. While a great deal of the US State Department papers are either withheld or heavily censored, what is left remains quite facinating as these Heads of State are revealed through their own words.


Archive Editions and University Publications of America in a collaborative venture announce two collections of Confidential U.S. Government Records on Saudi Arabia. These are key documents for the study of the development of the Saudi-US relationship in the post-war and Cold War period, providing evidence of the thinking from the Presidential Offices of Presidents Roosevelt, Truman, Eisenhower and Kennedy.


A few features of interest from this volume:
  • The Presidency of Franklyn D. Roosevelt
  • U.S. purchases of Saudi petroleum, 1941
  • Wartime relations between the U.S. and Saudi Arabia, 1941-1943
  • Request by Saudi Arabia for U.S. intervention in the Palestine problem, 1943
  • Saudi Arabia and the Arab Federation, 1943
  • U.S. Aid to Saudi Arabia, 1944
  • The Saudi Arabian pipeline, 1943-1944
  • The Presidency of Harry S. Truman
  • U.S. relations with King Abdul Aziz and the Palestine question, 1946-1951
  • The Presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Death of King Abdul Aziz, 1953
  • Boundary dispute at Buraimi, 1953
  • Five-year plan for expansion of Saudi armed forces, 1955
  • Effect of Buraimi and Suez crises on U.S.-Saudi relations, 1956
  • Events in Syria, communist threat in Middle East, 1957
  • Visit of King Saud to USA, 1957
  • Substance of private conversations between President Eisenhower and King Saud, 1957
  • Conversation between the President and Crown Prince Faisal, 1957
  • The Presidency of John F. Kennedy
  • Non-renewal of Dhahran Airport Agreement, 1961
  • U.S. offer of arms and equipment to Saudi Arabia, 1961
  • King Saud and Crown Prince Faisal visit USA, 1962
  • Toasts of President Kennedy and King Saud at White House State Dinner, 1962


Extract from an account by William Eddy, the American Ambassador, of the meeting between President Roosevelt and King Abdul Aziz, 14 February 1945, at Great Bitter Lake:
... - It was a colourful meeting of two very different but equally impressive heads of state, who were spokesmen for East and for West...
... - The previously isolationist monarch, Ibn Saud, left his country for the first time. Since that day the doors have been swinging open to the previously closed culture of central Arabia...
... - The spiritual head of Islam and the nearest we have to a successor to the Caliphs, the Defender of the Muslim Faith and of the Holy Cities of three hundred million people, cemented a friendship with the head of a great Western and Christian nation. The meeting marks the high point of Muslim alliance with the West. This moral alliance, this willingness (six years ago this month) of the leader of Islam to face west and bind his fortunes to ours, symbolizes a consummation devoutly to be wished in the world today."
Extract from a memorandum of the conversation between Mr. Murphy, U.S. Deputy Undersecretary, and Shaikh Yusuf Yasin, representing Saudi Arabia, 21 February 1957:
"Shaikh Yusuf said that he and his associates had been deeply touched by President Eisenhower´s speech of February 19. This speech, he said, had shown President Eisenhower´s deep understanding of the Middle East and had been full of reason, wisdom and knowledge based on the realities of the situation. President Eisenhower, he said, was constantly thinking of ways of settling problems on the basis of justice. The speech would have a good effect on the Arab peoples and would help them to better understand U.S. policy. This was an important addition to the visit of His Majesty, who had come to the United States with the object of helping the U.S. and its people to better understand the Arabs, because then the United States would know how to deal justly with Middle Eastern problems. Shaikh Yusuf said that as a result of this mutual understanding there had come out of it a deep understanding between the U.S. and Saudi Arabia."
Extract from a report by the Joint Strategic Plans Committee on a Joint Military Mission in Saudi Arabia, from JCS 1881 [enclosure "C"], 4/5/1948:
"A strong possibility therefore exists that his genuine concern with respect to security problems would influence the King to accept the services of a small U.S. joint military mission in the Dhahran area to conduct training in the technique of air base defense..."