US Records on Saudi Affairs 1945–1959

ISBN:  (13) 978-1-85207-670-2        Extent:  8 volumes, 6,000 pages  

Editor:  Dr K. Evans     Published: 1997
Paper: Printed on acid free paper
Binding: Library bindings with gilt finish
See sample pages: not available

Archive Editions and University Publications of America in a collaborative venture present a collection of Confidential U.S. Government Records on Saudi Arabia. These documents, primarily researched from State Department Central Files and the Records of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, are essential to the study of the development of the US-Saudi political relationship in the post-war and Cold War period. The documents help illustrate the development of foreign and military policy in Saudi Arabia in the turbulent early days of the Cold War, and the evolution of Saudi military power. In particular this work permits a close "ground-level" assessment of the strategies and philosophies adopted by the American and Saudi alliance.


The source materials include: special reports on high-level political affairs; regular diplomatic reports; studies and statistics; interviews and minutes of meetings with government officials; U.S. court proceedings; full texts of important letters and cables sent to or from U.S. diplomatic personnel; reports from American journals and translations from Saudi newspapers; high-level government documents including speeches, memoranda and reports of political meetings and assemblies.


Volume 1: 1945-1949
  • U.S. and British Military Missions to Saudi Arabia
  • Lend lease aid to Saudi Arabia; supplies and Middle East Supply Centre
  • U.S. military assistance to Saudi Arabia; General Harper´s visit
  • Dhahran Air Base: negotiation of short and long term rights
  • Aramco: "role in political matters"
  • Saudi-British-American relations
  • Surplus property and credit agreements
Volume 2: 1950-1954
  • Boundary and sovereignty issues: Trucial coast, Muscat, Abu Dhabi, Bahrain, Qatar, Farsi, Arabi, etc.
  • Buraimi dispute
  • Aramco-Saudi difficulties; Tapline progress and political developments in Tapline Governorate
  • Crown Prince´s reforms of Saudi governmental machinery
  • Illness and death of King Abdul Aziz; succession of King Saud
  • King Saud´s travels at home and abroad
  • Visit of Faisal (Foreign Minister) to U.S., November 1952-March 1953
  • Establishment of Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency
  • Ambassador Eddy´s account of Roosevelt-Ibn Saud meeting, 14 February 1945 at Great Bitter Lake
Volume 3: 1950-1954
  • Visit of Misha´al (Minister of Defence) to U.S., 1951
  • Brigadier General Day´s report: reimbursable aid agreement with Saudi Arabia
  • Grant military aid to Saudi Arabia: efforts to secure and Saudi refusal
  • Reorganisation and re-equipment of "Saudi Army in Palestine": pamphlet
  • Dhahran Air Base: extension of U.S. rights
  • Black´s Air Force: possible coordination of British and U.S. Military Training Missions
Volume 4: 1955-1959
  • Fortnightly review of events in Saudi Arabia, February 1956-August 1958
  • Aramco: labour relations
  • Dissatisfaction with and criticisms of Saudi regime, internal and external
  • Saudi reaction to Baghdad Pact
  • Saudi relations with Egypt: Egypt-Saudi Arabia Defence Agreement, Jeddah Pact
  • Alleged Saudi intrigues: against Nasser, Sultan of Oman etc.
  • Suez crisis; mobilisation of Saudi troops, troop movements to Jordan, severance of relations with and prohibition of oil sales to Britain and France
Volume 5: 1955-1959
  • Fortnightly reviews of events in Saudi Arabia, August 1958-January 1960
  • Modernisation and reform of Saudi administration
  • Saud´s visits to U.S., Spain, North Africa, Iraq, Jordan etc., 1957
  • Saud-Faisal relations
  • Investment of Faisal with extensive powers, 1958
  • Saud´s efforts to regain popularity and reassert primary authority
    Saudi foreign relations: Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Egypt, Yemen, Oman etc.
  • The Aqaba question

Volume 6: 1955-1959
  • U.S.-Saudi negotiations, Washington, February 1957: extension of Dhahran Air Base rights and military assistance to Saudi Arabia
  • Sale of arms to Saudi Arabia: Saudi requests, complaints about availability, deliveries etc.
  • Russian offer of arms
  • U.S. Military Training Mission: lack of Saudi direction and support
  • Economic assistance: negotiations and failure to conclude an agreement
Volume 7: 1945-1959
  • Papers of State War Navy Coordinating Committee and Joint Chiefs of Staff, including:
  • Financial assistance and lend lease
  • Establishment of a U.S. Military Mission
  • Relations with Britain: British interests in Saudi Arabia, desire for coordination with U.S., withdrawal of British Mission
  • Joint Chiefs of Staff studies of O´Keefe report and Day´s report
  • Renegotiation of Dhahran Air Base rights and programmes of military assistance
  • Proposals for protective military measures at Dhahran during Suez crisis
  • Report of Naval Survey Mission to Saudi Arabia, 1957
Volume 8
  • Report by Joint U.S. Survey Group to Saudi Arabia, headed by Brigadier Gen. Richard J. O´ Keefe.
    Compiled in latter half of 1949, presented to Joint Chiefs of Staff 3 January 1950, the short main report contains a comprehensive series of appendices, amounting to over 50 pages of detail covering the strategic significance of Saudi Arabia to the U.S., its internal political organisation, its income sources, its defence capabilities and requirements, its ability to utilise military assistance, the implications of such assistance as well as U.S. military and strategic requirements.
  • Report by Joint U.S. Mutual Defence Assistance Programme Survey Team to Saudi Arabia, headed by Brig-Gen. E. M. Day.
    Compiled July/August 1951, the report details the organisation, strengths and characteristics of the Saudi military forces, and through the proposed programme of military assistance, their reorganisation and re-equipment. Contains numerous tables, charts, etc. on every aspect of this programme, eg locations, facilities, training plans, equipment, personnel etc.